The excerpt below is from Let’s Talk About Sleep, by Adam Rush.
Dyssomnias are disorders related to sleeping duration, falling asleep, or waking up. People with these disorders have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking. Disruptions to the circadian rhythm may cause dyssomnias, but stress or trauma can also cause them. There are no cures for these disorders, but there are several treatments available.
Hypersomnia is a type of dyssomnia characterized by extreme drowsiness. People with hypersomnia may sleep for excessive periods of time. There are many possible causes, including depression, obesity, and head trauma. Hypersomnia can also be a symptom of other disorders. Although there is no cure, psychological behavioral therapy is one viable treatment. Living a healthy lifestyle also helps in reducing the effects of hypersomnia.
Another dyssomnia is narcolepsy. It is a reduced ability to control the sleep cycle. A person with narcolepsy has periods of extreme drowsiness at random times during the day. In extreme cases, narcolepsy might also cause momentary paralysis and hallucinations. The causes of narcolepsy are still unknown. Doctors suspect neurological factors may cause it. Patients can cope with this disorder by scheduling several naps throughout the day.
At the other side of the spectrum, we have insomnia. Insomnia is difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep at night. It is one of the most common sleep disorders. Cases of insomnia are on the rise throughout modern societies. There are different subcategories of insomnia, depending on the duration of the disruption:
• Transient insomnia can last a few days or weeks and is usually caused by external factors. It may also appear as a symptom of another disorder. The consequences are very like those of sleep deprivation.
• Acute insomnia, or short-term insomnia, can last up to a month. One of the common causes is an especially stressful period in the person’s life.
• Chronic insomnia can last months or more. It can cause symptoms like mental fatigue, double vision, and hallucinations.
Want to learn more about sleep?
Do you want to feel energetic, sharp, and productive all the time? Do you want to look better, have better memory, and higher sex drive? Of course you do. Sleep is the solution. If you suffer from insomnia or sleep deficiency, this book will provide some tips, tricks, and hacks that can help you fall asleep faster and get better quality sleep. This book will teach you:
- The benefits of sleeping
- Why we sleep
- The stages of sleep
- How meditation and mindfulness can help you sleep better
- How to take advantage of your circadian clock
- Improving your sleep hygiene
- How sleep affects your hormones
- Foods, supplements, and hacks that can improve your sleep
- The best apps and products for quality sleep
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